Clement-Jones family v2/21 - Person Sheet
Clement-Jones family v2/21 - Person Sheet
NameThomas GREY 1ST MARQUESS OF DORSET, 12257
Birth1455
Death1501
Birth1457
FatherSir John GREY , 4276 (1435-1460)
MotherElizabeth WOODVILLE , 4275 (1437-1492)
Spouses
1Anne HOLLAND, 12256
Birth1455
Death1474
FatherHenry HOLLAND 3rd Duke of Exeter , 12251 (1430-1475)
Notes for Thomas GREY 1ST MARQUESS OF DORSET
Thomas Grey, 7th Baron Ferrers of Groby, 1st Earl of Huntingdon, and 1st Marquess of Dorset, KG (c. 1455 – 20 September 1501), was an English nobleman, courtier and the eldest son of Elizabeth Woodville and her first husband John Grey of Groby. Her second marriage to King Edward IV made her queen consort of England, thus elevating Grey's status at court and in the realm as the stepson of the King.[1] Through his mother's assiduous endeavours, he made two materially advantageous marriages to wealthy heiresses - his first wife being Anne Holland (daughter of the King's sister, Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter), and his second wife, Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington. By the latter he had 14 children.
Contents [hide]
1 Family
2 Career
3 Marriages
4 Children
5 Titles
6 Ancestry
7 Depictions in fiction
8 References and sources
[edit]Family

Thomas was born in about 1455 at Groby Old Hall in the village of Groby, Leicestershire[2], as the elder son of Sir John Grey and his wife Elizabeth Woodville, who later became queen consort to King Edward IV of England. His younger full brother, Sir Richard Grey (c.1458-1483), was arrested by Richard, Duke of Gloucester, as he moved to take the throne on the death of King Edward IV. Gloucester's forces later executed Richard Grey at Pontefract Castle. The Grey brothers had ten half-siblings by their mother's marriage to Edward IV of England.


Career

His mother endeavoured to improve his estates by the conventional means of their class and time, through his marriages and purchase of custodies and wardships.
On the death of his stepfather, Edward IV, and his 12 year old half-brother's, Edward V's, accession to the throne on 9 April 1483 Grey proved unable to maintain his family's position. It was not possible to arrange a Yorkist regency. Internal fighting, particularly the long established battle for ascendancy in Leicestershire between the Grey and Hastings families, now on the national stage, allowed Gloucester to seize power and usurp the throne. On 25 June an assembly of Parliament declared Richard to be the legitimate king. Later in the summer, learning of the apparent murder of both his young half-brothers, Grey joined the Duke of Buckingham's rebellion against Richard III. When the rebellion failed he fled to Brittany to join Henry Tudor, the future Henry VII, who pledged to marry Grey's half-sister Elizabeth of York and heal the Yorkist/Lancastrian division.
However, just before Henry's successful invasion of England in August 1485, Grey learned his mother had come to terms with Richard III, and was persuaded to desert Henry Tudor. He was intercepted at Compiègne on his way to England and played no part in the overthrow of Richard III. Grey was instead left at Paris, as security for the repayment of a loan made to Henry Tudor by the French government, unable to return home until Henry VII was safely installed as king of England.

Thereafter Henry VII took good care to keep his Queen's half-brother under control and Grey was not permitted to recover his former influence. Thomas Grey was confined in the Tower in 1487 during Lambert Simnel's rising and not released until after the battle of Stoke. Though he accompanied the King on his expedition to France in 1492 he was obliged to commit himself in writing to ensure he did not commit treason. He was permitted to assist in suppression of the Cornish rising in 1497.

Thomas Grey, Marquess of Dorset, died in London on 30 August 1501, aged about 45, and was buried in the collegiate church of Astley, Warwickshire. His wife survived him and married Henry Stafford, later Earl of Wiltshire.

Marriages

His mother sought to make provision for him by marriage to a wealthy heiress. Thomas first married, at Greenwich in October 1466, Anne Holland (c.1455-c.1474), the only daughter of Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter, and Anne of York. His mother-in-law was the second child and eldest surviving daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville, thus sister to his mother's second husband king Edward IV.

After Anne died young without issue, Thomas married on 18 July 1474 Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington of Aldingham and 2nd Baroness Bonville, the wealthiest heiress in England.[3] Cecily was born on or around 30 June 1460, and was the daughter and heiress of William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington, by his wife Katherine Neville.
Last Modified 3 Mar 2013Created 11 Feb 2021 using Reunion for Macintosh