Clement-Jones family - Person Sheet
Clement-Jones family - Person Sheet
NameFrancis Cranmer PENROSE FRS, 7503
Birth1817
Death1903
OccupationArchitect and Archaeologist
EducationWinchester and Magdalen College Cambridge
FatherRev John PENROSE , 7500 (1778-1859)
ParentElizabeth CARTWRIGHT , 7501 (1780-1837)
Spouses
Birth1828
Death1903
FatherFrancis GIBBES , 7508
Marriage1856
ChildrenEmily , 7506 (1858-1942)
 Francis George , 14376 (1857-1932)
Notes for Francis Cranmer PENROSE FRS
From Wikipedia


Francis Cranmer Penrose FRS (29 October 1817 – 15 February 1903) was an English rower, architect, archaeologist and astronomer.

Early life

Penrose was born at Bracebridge, Lincolnshire, the third son of Rev. John Penrose who was vicar there, and his wife Elizabeth Cartwright. His mother was the daughter of Edmund Cartwright and was a teacher and author of children's books under the name Mrs Markham. He was educated at Bedford Grammar School, Winchester College and Magdalene College, Cambridge.[1] He rowed for Cambridge in the Boat Race in 1840, 1841 and 1842.

Architectural career

Penrose studied architecture under Edward Blore from 1835 to 1838, and studied abroad under the Cambridge designation of "travelling bachelor" from 1842 to 1845. In 1843 in Rome Penrose noticed a problem with the pitch of the roof of pediment of the Pantheon, and subsequent research confirmed that the angle had been changed from its original design. He studied the classical monuments in Greece taking and recording detailed measurements. He was one of the first people to discover the entasis of the Parthenon and to show the deliberate curvature of the steps and entablature.[2] The Society of Dilettanti were interested in his discoveries and sent him back to Greece to confirm them.[3]
In 1848, Penrose became a FRIBA. He became surveyor of St Paul's Cathedral in 1852, and it was there that he did his main work.[4] His designs included the choir-school, the choir seats and the marble pulpit and stairs. He designed the memorial to Lord Napier of Magdala and the Wellington tomb in the Crypt and arranged the relocation of the Wellington monument. He was also responsible for rearranging the West entrance steps and for exposing the remains of the old cathedral in the churchyard. It was as a result of a dispute with the Dean and Chapter that he became an astronomer.

Penrose became a Fellow of Magdalene in 1884. He designed the entrance gate of Magdalene College and the Chapel Court of St John's in Cambridge.[1] From 1886 to 1887 and from 1890 to 1891 he was Director of the British School at Athens which he designed.

He was president of the RIBA from 1894 to 1896. He was appointed architect and antiquary to the Royal Academy in 1898. He authored the entry on Sir Christopher Wren in the Dictionary of National Biography.

Personal life

Penrose had married Harriette Gibbes in 1856, the daughter of Francis Gibbes, a surgeon of Harewood. They had five children from 1907 until 1926. His daughter Emily was the second of five children and eldest of their four daughters and became Principal of Somerville College, Oxford, Royal Holloway College, London and Bedford College, London.

From Venn’s

Adm. pens. (age 20) at MAGDALENE, June 7, 1838. [Yst.] s. of the Rev. John (Exeter College, Oxford, 1795), V. of Bracebridge, Lincs. (and Elizabeth, 'Mrs Markham,' writer of books for children).
B. Oct. 29, 1817, at Bracebridge.
Schools [Bedford Grammar and] Winchester.
Matric. Michs. 1838; B.A. 1842; Worts Travelling Bachelor; M.A. 1846; Hon.
Litt.D. 1898.
Hon.
Fellow of Magdalene, 1884.
Hon.
D.C.L., Oxford, 1898.
Rowing 'blue,' 1840, 1841, 1842.
F.R.I.B.A., 1848; F.R.A.S., 1867; F.S.A., 1898; F.R.S., 1894.
Studied architecture under Edward Blore, 1835-8, and abroad, 1842-5. Architect and antiquary to the Royal Academy, 1898.
Surveyor of St Paul's Cathedral, 1852; a dispute with the Dean and Chapter allegedly caused him to become an astronomer.
President, R.I.B.A., 1894-6. Architect of the entrance gate of Magdalene College and of the Chapel Court of St John's. His chief work was done in St Paul's, where he designed the choir-school, the choir seats and desks, the marble pulpit and stairs, the Wellington tomb in the Crypt and the memorial to Lord Napier of Magdala.
Also responsible for the removal of the Wellington monument to its new position, the re-arrangement of the steps at the West entrance, and the exposure of the remains of the ancient cathedral in the churchyard.
Designed the British School at Athens, of which he was Director, 1886-7 and 1890-1. Married, 1856, Harriette, dau. of Francis Gibbes, surgeon, of Harewood, Yorks.
Author, Principles of Athenian Architecture, and a work predicting eclipses, etc.
Died Feb. 15, 1903, at Wimbledon.
Portrait, by Sargent, at the R.I.B.A., and a copy in Magdalene College.
Brother of Charles T. (1834). (Boase, Biblio.
Cornub., 456 and 1309; Boase, Collect.
Cornub., 712; D.N.B.; Who was Who.)
Last Modified 5 Dec 2014Created 26 Jan 2020 using Reunion for Macintosh