Clement-Jones family - Person Sheet
Clement-Jones family - Person Sheet
NameRt Hon Joseph (Jo) GRIMOND Baron Grimond of Firth , 4743
Birth1913
Death1993
Spouses
Birth1918
Death1994
FatherSir Maurice BONHAM CARTER KCB KCVO , 4675 (1880-1960)
MotherViolet Asquith , 4683 (1887-1969)
Notes for Rt Hon Joseph (Jo) GRIMOND Baron Grimond of Firth
Joseph Grimond, Baron Grimond, CH, CBE, TD, PC (29 July 1913 – 24 October 1993) was a British politician, leader of the Liberal Party from 1956 to 1967 and again briefly in 1976.

Early life

Joseph Grimond, also known as "Jo Grimond", was born in St Andrews, Fife and educated at Eton College and Balliol College, Oxford. He became a barrister.

Member of Parliament

After service in World War II, he entered Parliament in the 1950 general election as Liberal Member of Parliament for Orkney and Shetland, in Scotland, continuing to represent the constituency until he retired from politics in 1983. He was a life-long champion of Scottish devolution, and although he was often wary of the bureaucracy of the European Economic Community (EEC), always advocated EEC membership on Britain's part.

Leader of the Liberal Party
The party Grimond inherited from former leader Clement Davies commanded barely 2.5% of the vote. Grimond proved to be a man of considerable personal charm and intelligence, with substantial gifts as public speaker and as author. Widely respected as well as trusted, he ensured that by the time he left the leadership in 1967, the Liberals had once again become a notable political force.[citation needed] It was during his tenure that the first post-war Liberal revival took place: under Grimond the Liberals doubled their seats and won historic by-elections at Torrington in 1958, Orpington in 1962, and Roxburgh, Selkirk and Peebles in 1965. In 1967, he made way for a younger, more dynamic leader, Jeremy Thorpe. In 1976, when Thorpe was forced to resign because of a scandal, Grimond stepped in as caretaker leader until the election of a replacement, David Steel.[citation needed]

Among other posts, Grimond was a barrister and publisher in the 1930s, an army major during World War II, Secretary of the National Trust for Scotland from 1947 to 1949, and held the Rectorships of the University of Edinburgh and the University of Aberdeen and the Chancellorship of the University of Kent at Canterbury (elected in 1970). His many books include The Liberal Future (1959, credited with reinvigorating radical liberalism as a coherent modern ideology), The Liberal Challenge (1963), and Memoirs (1979).

Retirement and death
On leaving parliament, he was created a life peer as Baron Grimond, of Firth in the County of Orkney. He remained devoted to his former parliamentary constituency, and was buried on the Orkney Islands.
Marriage & children

In 1938 he married Laura Bonham Carter, the sister of another Life Peer (Mark Bonham Carter), the daughter of a Life Peeress (Violet Bonham Carter), and the granddaughter of a hereditary peer of first creation (H. H. Asquith).

The couple had four children:
Grizelda "Gelda" Grimond (born 1942), who had a daughter by the film and stage director Tony Richardson.
John Grimond, a foreign editor of The Economist who in 1973 married Kate Fleming (b. 1946), elder daughter of the writer Peter Fleming and actress Celia Johnson, and has three children with her. He is the main author of The Economist Style Guide
Magnus Grimond, journalist and financial correspondent, married to travel author Laura Grimond (née Raison).
Andrew Grimond (1939-1966), a sub-editor of The Scotsman, lived in Edinburgh until his suicide at the age of 26.
References

Writings

Jo Grimond, The Liberal Future (Faber and Faber, London, 1959)
__________, The Liberal Challenge (Hollis and Carter, London, 1963)
__________, The Common Welfare (Temple Smith, London, 1978)
__________, Memoirs (Heinemann, London, 1979)
__________, A Personal Manifesto (Martin Robertson, Oxford, 1983)
__________, The St. Andrews of Jo Grimond (Alan Sutton, St. Andrew's, 1992)
Jo Grimond and Brian Nevel, The Referendum (Rex Collings, London, 1975)
Grimond was also a prolific writer of pamphlets - see the McManus biography (below) for a complete list of publications.
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