Family Group Sheet
Family Group Sheet
NameRev John PENROSE
EducationExeter and Corpus Christi Colleges Oxford
FatherRev John PENROSE (1753-1829)
MotherJane TREVENEN (1753-1818)
SpouseElizabeth CARTWRIGHT
FatherRev Edmund CARTWRIGHT (1743-1823)
Notes for Rev John PENROSE
John Penrose (15 December 1778 – 9 August 1859) was a Church of England clergyman and theological writer.

Early life

John Penrose was born in Cardinham in Cornwall, where his father, also named John, was vicar of the parish. Penrose was educated at Blundell's School in Tiverton and at Corpus Christi College in Oxford. He received a BA in 1799 and an MA in 1802.


Penrose was ordained at Exeter in 1801. He held a number of ecclesiastical positions throughout his lifetime, including:
Vicar of Langton by Wragby in Lincolnshire
Vicar of Poundstock in Cornwall
Vicar of Bracebridge in Lincolnshire
The perpetual curacy of North Hykeham in Lincolnshire was awarded to Penrose in 1837.

In 1814 Penrose married Elizabeth Cartwright, a teacher and author of children's books under the name Mrs Markham. The couple were the parents of three sons of whom Francis Penrose was an architect and Charles Penrose a clergyman who succeed to his father's livings.


His most significant published works include:
An attempt to prove the truth of Christianity (1805) (written while serving as Bampton lecturer at Oxford University in 1805)
An Inquiry into the Nature of Human Motives (1820)
A treatise on the evidence of the Scripture miracles (1826)
Of Christian Sincerity (1829)
The Utilitarian Theory of Morals (1836)
Lives of Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Vinicombe Penrose, K.C.B. and Captain James Trevenen, knight of the Russian orders of St. George and St. Vladimir (1850), London: J. Murray, ISBN 0665400632
The collection of the Pitts Theology Library includes a three-page letter from John Penrose to an unnamed bishop, dated 24 November 1844 commenting on the character of Thomas Arnold.
Notes for Elizabeth CARTWRIGHT
Mrs Markham, the pseudonym of Elizabeth Penrose (3 August 1780 – 24 January 1837) was an English writer.

She was the daughter of Edmund Cartwright, the inventor of the power loom. She was born at her father's rectory at Goadby Marwood, Leicestershire. In 1814 she married in Leigh, Kent Reverend John Penrose, a country clergyman in Lincolnshire and a voluminous theological writer. During her girlhood Mrs Penrose had frequently stayed with close relatives and guardians, the Misses Cartwright, at Mirfield Hall, Markham, a village in Nottinghamshire, and from this place she took the nom de plume of "Mrs Markham", under which she gained celebrity as a writer of history and other books for the young.

The best known of her books was A History of England from the First Invasion by the Romans to the End of the Reign of George III (1823), which went through numerous editions. In 1828 she published a History of France. Both these works enjoyed a wide popularity in America as well as in England. The distinctive characteristic of Mrs Markham's histories was the elimination of all the "horrors" of history, and of the complications of party politics, as being unsuitable for the youthful mind; and the addition to each chapter of "Conversations" between a fictitious group consisting of teacher and pupils bearing upon the subject matter. Her less well-known works were Amusements of Westernheath, or Moral Stories for Children (2 volumes, 1824); A Visit to the Zoological Gardens (1829); two volumes of stories entitled The New Children's Friend (1832); Historical Conversations for Young People (1836); Sermons for Children (1837).

Mrs Markham had three sons and died at Lincoln on 24 January 1837 and was buried in Lincoln Minster. There is a stained glass window to her memory in East Markham Church.
Last Modified 5 Dec 2014Created 28 Jan 2018 using Reunion for Macintosh