Family Group Sheet
Family Group Sheet
NameLawrence John Lumley DUNDAS KG, GCSI, GCIE, PC, DL, JP 2nd Marquess of Zetland
Birth1876
Death1961
Marriage1907
SpouseCiceley Alice ARCHDALE
Birth1887
Death1973
MotherMary Kate DE BATHE (1858-1890)
Children
Birth1910
Death1995
SpouseROGERSON
Birth1920
Death1942, Finland
Birth1916
Death1995
Notes for Lawrence John Lumley DUNDAS KG, GCSI, GCIE, PC, DL, JP 2nd Marquess of Zetland
Laurence John Lumley Dundas, 2nd Marquess of Zetland KG, GCSI, GCIE, PC, DL, JP (11 June 1876 – 6 February 1961), styled Lord Dundas until 1892 and Earl of Ronaldshay between 1892 and 1929, was a British Conservative politician. An expert on India, he served as Secretary of State for India in the late 1930s.

Background and education

Zetland, born in London,[1] was the son of Lawrence Dundas, 1st Marquess of Zetland, and Lady Lillian, daughter of Richard Lumley, 9th Earl of Scarbrough.[2] He was educated at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge.

Political career

Zetland was returned to Parliament for Hornsey in 1907, a seat he held until 1916. Much of his public career centred around British India. In September 1912, he was appointed (with Lord Islington, Herbert Fisher, Mr Justice Abdur Rahim, and others) as a member of the Royal Commission on the Public Services in India of 1912–1915.[4] He was Governor of Bengal between 1917 and 1922 and Secretary of State for India between 1937 and 1940. Although a member of the Conservative Party, his belief was that Indians should be allowed to take ever-increasing responsibility for the government of the country, culminating in Dominion status (enjoyed by Canada, Australia, and other formally self-governing parts of the British Empire).

Zetland played an important role in the protracted negotiations which led to the Government of India Act 1935, which began, subject to the implacable opposition of Winston Churchill and the "diehards" to anything that might imperil direct British rule over India, to implement those ideals. He was ideally placed as Secretary of State for India to implement them, although the two Viceroys with whom he served, Lords Willingdon and Linlithgow, were rather less idealistic than he. In the event, Willingdon and Linlithgow were proved right when the Congress Party won the 1937 Provincial elections, much to the dismay of Zetland. Zetland's term as Secretary of State — and the experiment with democracy represented by the 1935 Act — came to an end with Churchill's assumption of the Prime Ministership in 1940: Zetland then offered his resignation, feeling that his ideas and Churchill's regarding India were so different that "I could only end by becoming an embarrassment to him." Zetland was also an author: Rab Butler, who served under him in the India Office, records that he asked how he could understand better his chief's thinking about the future of India and received the answer: "Read my books!"

Zetland was sworn of the Privy Council in 1922[5] and made a Knight of the Garter in 1942. He also bore the Sword of State at the coronation of George VI in 1937[6] and was Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire between 1945 and 1951.

Family

Lord Zetland married Cicely, daughter of Mervyn Henry Archdale, in 1907. They had one son and two daughters and lived at Snelsmore at Chieveley in Berkshire. Zetland died in February 1961, aged 84, and was succeeded by his son, Lawrence Dundas, 3rd Marquess of Zetland. The Marchioness of Zetland died in January 1973.
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