Family Group Sheet
Family Group Sheet
NameSir Robert DRURY
Birth1456
Death1535
FatherRoger DRURY (-1496)
Marriage1494
SpouseAnne CALTHORPE
Death1536
FatherSir William CALTHORPE (1410-1494)
Children
Birth1495
Death1558
Birth1503
Death1577
Notes for Sir Robert DRURY
Sir Robert Drury, (before 1456–2 March 1535), knight, (knighted by Henry VII of England after the battle of Blackheath, 17 June 1497) and Lord of the Manor of Hawstead, Suffolk, was Knight of the Body to Kings Henry VII and Henry VIII, Knight of the Shire for Suffolk, Speaker of the House of Commons [elected 4 October 1495], and Privy Councillor. He was also a barrister-at-law. His London townhouse was in Drury Lane.
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Family[edit]


St. Mary's Church, Bury St. Edmunds, where Sir Robert Drury and his first wife are buried
Robert Drury, born before 1456 at Hawstead, Suffolk, was the eldest of four sons of Roger Drury (d.1496) of Hawstead, Suffolk, by his second wife Felice Denston, daughter and heiress of William Denston of Besthorpe, Norfolk.[1]
Career[edit]

With Sir Robert Drury began for this family a long connection with the courts of the Tudor sovereigns, and a succession of capable and eminent men whose careers are part of English history throughout the 16th century. In 1473 he was admitted to Lincoln's Inn, where he became a prominent figure. However according to Hyde 'there is no evidence, as was once thought,[2] that he was educated at Gonville Hall, Cambridge'.[3]

Drury was named in many commissions in the county of Suffolk from 1486 onwards. Drury procured from Pope Alexander VI a licence for the chapel in his house at Hawstead, dated 8 July 1501 in the tenth year of that pontificate. The original is now in the museum at Bury. Another early reference to him is an indenture 15 December 1490 by which Robert Geddying, son and heir of John Geddyng, agreed with Robert Drury, esquire, for the erection of houses at Lackford, Suffolk, Roger and William Drury being co-feoffees.
He was elected Knight of the Shire (MP) for Suffolk in 1491, 1495 and 1510, acting as Speaker of the House in 1495.

Drury was knighted by King Henry VII on 17 June 1497, after the battle of Blackheath,[4] and was present at the funeral of the young Prince Henry in 1511, where, amongst the list of mourners, he is included as one of the knights to bear the canopy. He was an executor of the will of John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, who died in 1513.

Between June 1510 and February 1513 inclusive he was engaged with various colleagues in the attempt "to pacify the Scottish border by peaceful methods and to obtain redress for wrongs committed."
Legacy[edit]

Two splendid books once owned by Sir Robert Drury have survived. One, a fine Latin MS of the Vulgate, written by an English scribe early in the 13th century, is now in the library of Christ's College, Cambridge. Some blank leaves at the end have been used to record the marriages and progeny of the children of Sir Robert Drury. The first group of entries was made at the end of 1527; subsequent entries carry on the records of the growth of the family until 1566. The other book is the finest and most famous of all Chaucer MSS, the Ellesmere manuscript of The Canterbury Tales now in the Huntington Library. At the top of a preliminary fly-leaf is written "Robertus Drury, miles", and below a list of his children: "William Drury, miles, Robertus Drury, miles, Domina [Anne] Jarmin, Domina [Bridget] Jarningham, and Domina [Ursula] Allington."

On 1 May 1531 Drury made his last will, requesting burial in the chancel of St. Mary's Church, Bury St. Edmunds beside his first wife, Anne Calthorpe. He died 2 March 1535. Drury and Anne Calthorpe are buried under a stone monument in St. Mary's Church; a wooden palisade bears the inscription ‘Such as ye be, sometimes were we, such as we are, such shall ye be. Miserere nostri.’[5]
Marriages and issue[edit]

Drury married firstly, by 1494, Anne Calthorpe, daughter of Sir William Calthorpe of Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, by whom he had two sons and four daughters:[6]
Sir William Drury (c.1500-1558) of Hawstead, Suffolk, who married firstly, Jane Saint Maur (d.1517), by whom he had no issue, and secondly, Elizabeth Sothill (1505–1575) a granddaughter of another Speaker of the House of Commons, and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Sir Richard Empson (d.17 August 1510).

Anne Drury, who married firstly George Waldegrave, esquire (c. 1483 – 8 July 1528) of Smallbridge, Suffolk, from whom descend the Earls Waldegrave, as well as a branch of the Higham of Higham Green and Denham family, and secondly Sir Thomas Jermyn (c.1500 – 1552) of Rushbrooke, Suffolk, from whom descend that family (including the Jacobite peer) as well as the Crane family of Chilton, later baronets.

Elizabeth Drury, who married, in 1510, Sir Philip Boteler.

Bridget Drury (d. 19 January 1518), who married Sir John Jerningham of Somerleyton, Suffolk, eldest son and heir of Edward Jerningham (d. 6 January 1515) of Somerleyton by his first wife, Margaret Bedingfield (d. 24 March 1504), by whom she had three sons, George, Robert and John, and two daughters, Anne Jerningham, who married Sir Thomas Cornwallis of Brome, Suffolk, and Elizabeth Jerningham, who married John Sulyard of Wetherden, Suffolk.[7]

Ursula Drury, who married Sir Giles Alington of Horseheath, Cambridgeshire.
After Anne Calthorpe's death, Drury married secondly, Anne (née Jerningham), daughter of Sir Edward Jerningham (d. 6 January 1515) of Somerleyton, Suffolk, by Margaret Bedingfield (d. 24 March 1504), and sister of Sir John Jerningham (see above). At the time of her marriage to Sir Robert Drury, she is said to have been the widow of two husbands: Lord Edward Grey (d. before 1517), eldest son and heir of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, and grandson of King Edward IV's wife, Elizabeth Woodville; and Henry Barley (d. 12 November 1529) of Albury, Hertfordshire. In his will Drury refers to her as 'my Lady Grey'. There were no issue of Drury's second marriage. After Drury's death, Anne (née Jerningham) married Sir Edmund Walsingham.

Descendants

Drury's daughter Anne was an ancestress of Walt Disney, Britney Spears and Booker T. Washington. His daughter Elizabeth was an ancestress of Abraham Lincoln, Jesse James and John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. His son William is an ancestor of William Wyatt Bibb, Thomas Bibb (William Wyatt Bibb's brother), James C. Gardner (Thomas Bibb's great-great-great-grandson), Elizabeth Peyton (wife of Peter Beverley), her descendants, a part of the Randolph family of Virginia, and John Barton Payne.
Last Modified 28 Dec 2013Created 28 Jan 2018 using Reunion for Macintosh