Family Group Sheet
Family Group Sheet
NameJohn “Johnny” GURNEY
Birth1749
Death1809
FatherJohn GURNEY (1715-1770)
MotherElizabeth KETT (1719-1788)
Marriage1775
SpouseCatherine “Kitty” BELL
Birth1754
Death1792
FatherDaniel BELL (1728-1802)
MotherCatherine BARCLAY (1727-1784)
Children
Birth1783
Death1872
Birth1786
Death1856
Death1814
Birth1780
Death1845
Birth1784
Death1836
Birth1788
Death1847
Birth1791
Death1880
Notes for John “Johnny” GURNEY
Of Earlham Hall, Norwich, Norfolk. Quaker Banker. Partner in Gurney’s Bank.

John Gurney (10 November 1749 – 28 October 1809) was an English banker and member of the Gurney family of Norwich. Besides his role as a partner in Gurney's bank he is notable as the father of the social reformers Elizabeth Fry and Joseph John Gurney, the writer Louisa Hoare and the banker Samuel Gurney.

Biography

John Gurney was born in 1749 into an influential Quakers that had established Gurney's bank in 1770. At the turn from of the 19th century, the family business was led by Bartlett Gurney (1756–1802). When he died childless in 1802, members from another branch of the family succeeded him and John and his brother Richard (1742–1811) became partners in the bank in 1803.

John Gurney lived at Earlham Hall in Norwich.[2] On 26 May 1775 at Tottenham, London, he married Catherine Bell (1755–1794), daughter of Daniel Bell and Catherine Barclay, a member of the Barclay family, who were among the founders of Barclays Bank. John Gurney and his wife had 13 children, including the bankers Samuel Gurney and Daniel Gurney, the social reformers Elizabeth Fry and Joseph John Gurney, while Hannah married Sir Thomas Buxton. Another daughter was Louisa Hoare, the writer on education. When John Gurney's wife died in 1794, Elizabeth as became partly responsible for the care and training of her younger siblings.

In the 19th century, the Gurney family was known for its wealth: In Gilbert and Sullivan's 1875 comic opera "Trial by Jury", a character describes his accumulation of wealth until at length I became as rich as the Gurneys.

On John Gurney's death in 1809, his son Samuel Gurney assumed the control of Gurney's Bank in Norwich. About the same time, he also took over control of the London billbroking business of Richardson, Overend & Company, whose title was subsequently changed to Overend, Gurney and Company. It went on to become the world's largest discounting house.
Last Modified 2 Mar 2013Created 28 Jan 2018 using Reunion for Macintosh