Family Group Sheet
Family Group Sheet
NameSir Thomas TREVOR
Birth1573
Death1656
FatherJohn TREVOR III (-1589)
MotherMary BRIDGES (1523-)
SpousePrudence BOTELER
Children
Birth1612
Death1676
Notes for Sir Thomas TREVOR
A Baron of the Exchequer. Impeached in in 1641. See Trevors of Trevalyn.55


From Wikipedia:

Sir Thomas Trevor (6 July 1586 – 21 December 1656) was an English lawyer, judge and Member of Parliament, most notable for having delivered the judgment against John Hampden in the Ship Money case.

He was the fifth and youngest son of John Trevor of Trevalyn, Denbighshire, and the younger brother of Richard Trevor, John Trevor and Sackville Trevor. He was admitted to membership of Inner Temple at an unusually early age and was called to the bar in 1603. He was elected MP for Tregony, Cornwall in 1601, Harwich in 1604 (part year only) and Newport, Cornwall in 1614.[1] In 1619 he was knighted and appointed solicitor to Prince Charles; the following year, he was a reader of his inn, and he sat as MP for Saltash in the Parliaments of 1621 and 1624-5, and for East Looe in that of 1625. On the accession of the Prince to throne as Charles I in 1625, Trevor was advanced to the degree of serjeant-at-law, and shortly afterwards was appointed a judge of the Court of Exchequer. In that capacity he became a member of the Commission to exercise ecclesiastical jurisdiction in 1633.

In 1637, Trevor was one of the twelve judges who collectively gave an opinion that the Crown could legitimately collect Ship Money, and the following year gave judgment in court to the same effect in Hampden's case. As a consequence, in 1641 Parliament began proceedings to impeach him, together with other judges who had supported ship money. Nevertheless, on the outbreak of the Civil War he was one of the few judges who remained in London and recognised the authority of Parliament. At the conclusion of the impeachment in 1643, he was found guilty, fined and sentenced to be imprisoned at the pleasure of the House of Lords, but he was released immediately and resumed his seat on the bench. At Michaelmas 1643, when the King sent a writ demanding the attendance of him and another judge (Edmund Reeve) on the court at Oxford, they refused and had the messengers arrested: one was later executed as a spy. Despite this, Trevor was opposed to the King's execution, and refused the commission that was offered to him by the new government. He then retired completely from public life until his death.

Sir Thomas was married twice, to Prudence Boteler and then to Frances Blennerhasset. His only son, by his first marriage, was Sir Thomas Trevor (c. 1612-1676), created a baronet in 1641.

From National Library of Wales

Sir THOMAS TREVOR ( 1572 - 1656 ), judge , is generally called the youngest of John Trevor 's four sons, but D.N.B. post-dates his birth by fourteen years. Born in London , educated at the Middle Temple ( Nov. 1592 ), and called to the Bar in 1603 , he became, like his brothers, a client of the Howards and sat for pocket boroughs (most of them newly enfranchised) in the Parliaments of 1601-25 , where he was a frequent and critical speaker, and sat on many committees (including the Committee for Privileges in 1624 ), with a special interest in juristic and puritanical measures and in questions affecting Wales , such as the authority of Ludlow ( 1606 ), the amendment of the Act of Union ( 1621 and 1624 ) — of which he was the chief protagonist — and the adjustment of Welsh subsidies ( 1621 and 1624 ). On the fall of the Howards ( 1618 ) he attached himself to the 3rd earl of Pembroke , and the earl's influence, with that of the later archbishop John Williams , procured him the post of solicitor to Charles , prince of Wales (at whose investment in 1616 Trevor had represented his Inn) in May 1619 ; this brought him a knighthood ( 18 May 1619 ) and in 1625 (12 May) judicial promotion (though he was reputed ‘ no great lawier ’) as a baron of the exchequer . As one of the four commissioners entrusted in Jan. 1625 with the sale of crown lands in the lordship of Bromfield and Yale he was enabled to secure and extend the holdings of himself and other crown tenants, transactions which after searching enquiry were confirmed by Parliament in 1628 (3 Chas. I, chap. 6) and again in 1647 .

His concurrence in the judges' pronouncement in favour of ship money ( Feb. 1637 ) and their condemnation of Hampden in Dec., as well as his membership of the High Commission Court ( Dec. 1633 ), aroused the wrath of the Long Parliament , where attacks begun Dec. 1640 , issued in an impeachment the following July and (after interruption by the war) a fine of £6,000 in Oct. 1643 . Trevor meanwhile continued to sit as judge , declining the royal summons to Oxford in the month of his sentence but resigning his judgeship on the king's execution to retire to his Warwickshire estate till his death on 21 Dec. 1656 . He had had little contact with Wales for thirty years
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