Family Group Sheet
Family Group Sheet
NameSir Robert HO TUNG
Birth1862
Death1956
MotherShi SZE (1843-1896)
Marriage1895
SpouseLady Clara Lin-Kok CHEUNG
Birth1875
Death1938
Children
Birth1897
Birth1904
Death2007
SpouseHorace LO
Birth1906
Death1998
Birth1902
Death1957
Notes for Sir Robert HO TUNG
Compradore to Jardine Mathieson. Knighted by George V in 1915. With his brother Ho Kom Tong founded the Hong Kong Club.

From Wikipedia:

Sir Robert Ho Tung Bosman, KBE (22 December 1862 – 26 April 1956), better known as Sir Robert Hotung, was an influential Eurasian businessman and philanthropist in British Hong Kong. It has often been claimed that he was the "first Chinese person to be allowed to live on Victoria Peak" but in fact, he was half-Chinese and half-European, and lived on the Peak before the enactment of the Peak Reservation Ordinance. Known as "the grand old man of Hong Kong", Hotung was knighted in 1915 and 1955.

He was a Eurasian, reportedly born to a man of Dutch and Jewish descent by the name of Charles Henry Maurice Bosman, and Madame Sze, a Han Chinese woman of Baoan (present-day Shenzhen) heritage, on D'Aguilar Street. Questions of his parentage theorize that his unidentified father was potentially working within Jardine-Matheson. However, historical records indicate his father was a merchant who had his own company Bosman and Co., part owner of the Hong Kong Hotel which opened in 1868, and a director of the Hong Kong and Whampoa Dock Company. By 1869, Bosman senior was also the Dutch Consul, and running his own marine insurance business, one of whose important clients was Jardines. He later left for England, where he became naturalised in 1888. Rumours persist that Hotung may have been an illegitimate son of William Keswick, chairman of Jardines in Hong Kong from 1874 to 1886.
He was educated at Queen's College, previously known as the Central School.

Career
After graduating from Queen's College in 1878, Hotung went to Canton, where he worked as a clerk for the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs. In 1880, he returned to Hong Kong and joined the dominant British-owned trading company Jardine Matheson as an assistant in the compradore department. His bilingual skills and business acumen eventually propelled him to become Head Compradore, a position he held until his retirement in 1889. Although he was of mixed parentage, Hotung considered himself Chinese, a fact reflected in his sartorial preference.[2] By the age of 35, he became the richest man in Hong Kong. He was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Laws by the University of Hong Kong in 1916.[8]
Hotung was the first Chinese to be allowed to live on Victoria Peak, which had been restricted to Europeans under the Peak Reservation Ordinance. Hotung's instrumental role in mediating a strike in Guangzhou and Hong Kong[9] earned him an exemption from the Ordinance from then governor Sir Cecil Clementi in 1926.[2] Thus, in 1927, he built his sumptuous residence now known as Ho Tung Gardens at 75 Peak Road.[10]
Hotung financed the revolutions, including the Xinhai Revolution, led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen to establish the Republic of China. As a millionaire with significant influence in the colony, he heavily emphasized to the British in the early Colonial Hong Kong era that no part of the Chinese demographics was purely indigenous.[11] Hotung was a director of many Hong Kong companies, including Hong Kong Land, and served on the boards of influential charitable organisations, including the Tung Wah Hospital.[12] He was founder and first chairman of the Chinese Club,[2] which was created in response to the colonial Hong Kong Club's policy of excluding those who were not British and white from joining. He was knighted in 1915 and 1955.[2] His second wife, Clara, was a devout Buddhist. Through her educational charity, to which Sir Robert gave HK$100,000 on their 50th wedding anniversary in 1931, the Po Kok Day and Evening School and the Tung Lin Kok Yuen in Happy Valley were founded.[13]
[edit]Family



Hotung (seated, middle), his brother Ho Fook (left, standing) and his brother Ho Kum-tong (seated, right)
Robert Hotung had four sisters and five brothers, some of whom were:
Ho Fook, a younger brother, succeeded him as Head Compradore at Jardine Matheson in 1889. He had 13 sons, five of whom worked as compradores for various foreign companies. One of Ho Fook's grandsons is Stanley Ho, the casino and shipping magnate.

Ho Kom-tong (1866–1950), a younger brother, was a prominent businessman and philanthropist who succeeded Ho Fook as Head Compradore at Jardine Matheson. He had 12 wives and reportedly more than 30 children, one of whom was Grace Ho (何爱瑜), the mother of the Chinese actor Bruce Lee.[14][15] Kom Tong Hall, the former Hong Kong residence of Ho Kom-tong, now houses the Dr. Sun Yat-sen Museum.

Marriage
Robert Hotung had two wives. His first wife, the former Margaret Mak (née Maclean), was unable to bear children. Subsequently, Hotung adopted Ho Fook's first son, Ho Wing, following Chinese tradition, and then took a second wife in 1881.[13] His second wife, Clara Cheung Lin-kok (張蓮覺)[10] (1875–1938),[13] later gave birth to three sons and seven daughters.
Hotung and his first wife Margaret were Christians, and were interred at the Hong Kong Cemetery. The rest of his family, including Clara, are buried in their private cemetery, Chiu Yuen Cemetery(昭遠墳場), located on Mount Davis.

Progeny
Hotung's eldest son, Edward Hotung (1902–1957), became a prominent banker and philanthropist in Hong Kong. Edward was founder of the Chinese Gold and Silver Exchange in Hong Kong, as well as Treasurer of the Chinese War Chest in Shanghai during the Japanese occupation. His sons are Sir Joseph Hotung KBE and Eric Hotung CBE (born 1926). He also had two daughters - Mary Ketterer, who received the Royal Order of the Golden Ark for her work in conservation, and Tonia.

Eric Hotung is a businessman and Ambassador-at-Large and Economics Advisor for Timor-Leste (East Timor). He was born in Hong Kong and grew up there and in Shanghai. Eric attended Georgetown University in 1947 and graduated in 1951. Afterwards, he worked at the New York Stock Exchange and at General Motors before returning to Hong Kong. He is married to Patricia Anne Shea. They have five sons and three daughters.

Ho Tung's second son, Robert Ho Shai-lai (1906–1998), was a general under the Kuomintang regime. He renounced his British nationality and became a citizen of the Republic of China. He was also ambassador to Japan for the Republic of China from 1952 to 1956 and a member of the Nationalist China military delegation to the United Nations from 1956 to 1966. Robert's son Robert Ho Hung-ngai (born 1932), a former journalist and publisher in Hong Kong, is the founder of the Tung Lin Kok-yuen Canada Society.
Third son George Ho Cho-chi is a founder of Commercial Radio Hong Kong.
A fourth son, Henry, died of tuberculosis when he was 4.

Victoria Hotung (Lady Lo) was his eldest daughter. She married Sir Man-kam Lo, a prominent Eurasian lawyer and legislator who was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II after World War II. Their only son, Lo Tak-shing, was a former lawyer and legislator in Hong Kong who once ran against Tung Chee Hwa for Chief Executive.
Three other daughters – Irene Cheng, Jean Gittins and Florence Yeo – wrote memoirs chronicling their war-time experiences in colonial Hong Kong. Jean Gittens migrated to Melbourne Australia after the World War where she worked in the Pathology Department of Melbourne University. She also wrote three books: "I Was at Stanley", " Eastern Windows – Western Skies" and "The Diggers from China". Irene Cheng, educator, was one of the first female undergraduate students enrolled to study English at the University of Hong Kong in 1921. She went on to study for a Diploma in Education at King's College in London in 1925. In 1936, she received her PhD from the University of London.
[edit]Legacy


There are many parks, schools, and buildings named after or founded by Robert Hotung in Hong Kong, including Lady Hotung Hall at Hong Kong University, Hotung Secondary School, Tung Lin Kok-yuen Buddhist temple, and King George V School. In Macau, the Sir Robert Hotung Library is housed in a mansion once owned by Hotung, who resided there during the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong.
Notes for Lady Clara Lin-Kok CHEUNG
A cousin of Lady Margaret HO TUNG. Devout Buddhist. See “Eastern Windows, Western Skies”. Founder of Tung Lin Kok Yuen the Budhist education society.
Last Modified 6 Nov 2011Created 28 Jan 2018 using Reunion for Macintosh